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America Needs Energy from Coal

- Living in Eastern Kentucky, a region that relies heavily on the coal industry, most find the dispute about coal senseless. Majority argues that coal is a major cause of the pollution within our country. However, coal is a beneficial resource; coal generates electricity. Consider the well-known saying, "Coal Keeps the Lights On." I believe when people are against coal and feel that it is too dangerous for our families or communities, they need to look at where we would be without coal. In my hometown there are numerous families supported by coal....   [tags: coal mining industry]

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The Development of the Coal Industry

- The Development of the Coal Industry 1) Light As a beginning, workers had problems of lighting their work. Several methods were used, none of them were particularly attractive. It was not safe to light in a mine. They first used rotten fish, which gave off a phosphorescent glow (besides the dreadful smell). Candles, which exploded the methane flint mills, which produced sparks of light but could also ignite the methane. After 1815, the Davy lamp was available, but it cost money and employers were reluctant to buy them....   [tags: Papers]

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The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry

- The Rise and Fall of the Nova Scotia Coal Industry Coal mining has always been an important component of Nova Scotia's economy, landscape and culture. Together with cod fishing it was the primary export and employer for the regions population. With both industries now failing, the poor economic climate will no doubt have an effect on the population. This paper attempts to examine the economic conditions, market forces, and political maneuvering that gave rise to the coal industry in Nova Scotia as well as those contributing to its demise....   [tags: Papers]

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The Industry of East Tennessee Coal and Its Financial Impact

- Introduction Coal is a mineral mined in east Tennessee. While not one of the largest coal producing states in the United States, Tennessee still has a rich history of coal mining. The industry still has a presence in the region today. Even though production does not match larger coal producing states, the coal industry brings meaningful revenue to the state of Tennessee. This paper examines the industry, coal mining practices within the state and its financial impact. What is Coal. With a composition of carbon along with hydrogen and oxygen, coal is a sedimentary rock that is combustible....   [tags: mineral, mining practices]

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Science - Human Effects

- Introduction - The coal industry is one of the largest industries in the world, mining an estimate of 7200Mt (Metric Tons) of coal each year. Coal can be used in many different ways to produce energy, the most common is the use of coal in coal power plants, which today produce 32% of the world’s electricity. However there are many environmental effects caused by both the mining and burning of coal. As through mining, the most common format being open-pit mining, takes up a lot of land and water....   [tags: Coal Industry, Global Cycles, Power Plants]

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Industrial Capitalism in Each Man’s Son by Hugh McLennan

- Each Man’s Son, by Hugh MacLennan, is set in Cape Breton where the mining industry acts as the focal point in the lives of most characters. Mining brings “great wealth and prosperity, as well as great misery and environmental destruction” (Armstrong et al. vii). Industrial capitalism, in Each Man’s Son, is a toxic force that aids in presenting the negative social and physical effects on the community of Broughton through the changes in environment, the physical and emotional repercussions of the colliery being bombarded onto men, and the emotional effects the colliery has on women....   [tags: environment, mining industry, coal]

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The Impacts Of Coal Mining

- ... There are always two sides to every story and the opposition to coal mining offers solid evidence why the mining of coal is not as perfect as it seems. Upon further investigation, information is available stating coal mining is responsible for deforestation contributing to the destruction of habitats that support our wildlife. The techniques utilized to gain access to coal include the removal of soil, plants, and trees. This technique leaves behind the demolition of land, home to wildlife habitats (Theilmann....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Coal mining]

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The History and Future of Coal

- Introduction Coal has been around since the extinctions of prehistoric environments and is a byproduct of those environments (Jerrett, 2011). Coal was the gold of industry when it first started out. Coal has made many countries like China and the United States very powerful (World Coal Association, 2012). What are the processes that go into the making of organic coal to make it ancient and very limited. Figure 1 Coal Producers by Rank (World Coal Association, 2012) Some people do not understand how certain coal seams belong to certain geologic periods....   [tags: Coal Research paper]

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The Environmental Ethics Of Coal

- ... The way coal is extracted is by mining. In laymen’s terms, coal is extracted by digging mines where the coal has been located, and then workers go in and extract the coal manually. There are some machines that are also utilized in order to make the extraction process more efficient, and funny enough those machines run on gasoline, another fossil fuel. We use fossil fuels to obtain fossil fuels; doesn’t that seem counter-intuitive. Today, coal is used mainly for the generation of energy. “Coal is used to produce about 39% of all the electricity generated in the United States” (Energy Information Administration)....   [tags: Coal, Fossil fuel, Natural gas, Carbon]

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Prediction of Clean Coal Product Using Mathematical Models

- 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 COAL WASH PLANT The wash plant is feed by a 100T bin fitted with a vibrating feeder to aid and ease the flow of coal onto Conveyor belt 18-31. The bin can be filled up to 80T; above that it overflows through the chute connected to its side. Below 30T the bin is interlocked not to feed the wash plant to avoid coal and the bin lining being subjected to impact causing damage and excess fines generation. The maximum feed rate of the vibrating feeder and the capacity of the belt is 200t/h....   [tags: Coal Wash Plants, Coal Productions]

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A Brief Note On Tennessee Coal Ash Spill

- Tennessee coal ash spill occurred in December 22, 2008. A dike failed at Tennessee Valley Authority spilling billion gallons of coal ash. The ash had been stored and contained arsenic, selenium, lead and radioactive materials. These materials are very toxic. This spill is an example of environmental crime because it was caused by the Tennessee Valley Authority. An environmental crime is considered to be a white collar crime also known as corporation crime (Beder, 2002, pg 213). News media highly covered this crime in different ways....   [tags: Coal, Nuclear power, Fly ash]

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Dangers Of Coal Mining

- What comes to mind when you think of coal mining. If you're like me, coal mining means living in darkness and a cold hearted industry. Other words that come to mind are poverty and oppression. Coal mining is not a job that you dream about or get a degree for. People who are coal miners do not chose a life full of danger and repression, they get stuck with it. There are many dangers that come along with coal mining, not only for the workers, but for the environment. Coal mining and the coal industry have caused irreversible damage to our environment and has killed innocent miners....   [tags: Profession Coal Coal Mining Mines]

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Analysis of Coal Fired Plants and Solar Energy

- Given all the resources we have for the production of energy, fossil fuels has been the leader in our energy needs. Solar and wind power are the next alternative sources we have been looking at. These sources have been researched and analyzed for many years, yet, they have yet to become our primary source for our energy. The cost for both non-renewable and renewable resources are competitive, and some industries have applied solar or wind to help their needs in electricity and heating; however, to power large cities with just the use of solar energy and wind power may still be a process in the works for some time to come and we may be looking at the utilization of fossil fuels for our primar...   [tags: coal, fossil fuels, epa power]

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Coal Mining in West Virginia: Storming Heaven, Denise Giardina

- Storming Heaven In 1883, the first carload of coal was transported from Tazewell County, Virginia, on the Norfolk and Western Railway. The railroad opened a gateway to the untouched coal beds of West Virginia. Towns were created as the region was transformed from an agricultural to industrial economy.(West Virginia Mine Wars) The lure of good wages and housing made the coal mining appealing to West Virginians, but all good things come at a price. In the novel Storming Heaven, Denise Giardina gives us an inside look at what really happened to the small town of Annedel, West Virginia....   [tags: miners, coal mines, farmers]

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- Coal Coal, a product of decay from plants older than 350 million years, is an integral part of energy production in the United States. Coal provides 56.9% of electricity generation in the United States.[1] With many different types of coal found in different states, the U.S. remains second to Russia in the number of estimated worldwide coal reserves.[2] Between the years of 1885-1950, coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as two tons of wood and at half the cost.[3] Even today, there is, on a Btu basis, about one hundred times as much energy in the coal reserves of the United States as there is in either the oil or natural gas reserves.[4]...   [tags: Coal Environment Economy Economics Essays]

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The Effect of the Iron Industry on Alabama’s Economy

- The boom of mining iron ore, coal, and limestone and producing iron in north Alabama during the 1800s had a tremendous impact on Alabama’s economy of the time. It provided opportunity for the expansion of the railroad and work. Cities were born around this industrial boom. All of these things encouraged economic growth in Alabama during this time. Alabama: A Documentary History to 1900 states “it is a truism that the Civil War altered the economic life of the south” (Griffith, Alabama: A Documentary History to 1900)....   [tags: mining, iron, ore, coal, limestone, north Alabama]

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The Effect Of Combustion Of Coal On Human And Environment

- INTRODUCTION Electricity is important in our life for daily use like lighting on the bulb, for cooking and to run an industry process. There are many ways to generate electricity, for example are wind turbine, nuclear reactor and combustion of solid fuels such as coal and biomass. These ways of generating electricity are important for continuity consumption of electricity. But in other way, these ways give a lot of bad effects towards human and environment. For this case study, the combustion of coal in large combustion plant in order to generate electricity will be discussed....   [tags: Coal, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Sulfuric acid]

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Clean Coal and Its Potential

- Clean Coal and Its Potential With the United States' increasing addiction for petroleum and imported energy, many organizations have begun to pressure government agencies to consider cleaner methods for fuel. As evident from recent government spending, the current administration favors the generation of electricity through a fossil fuel abundant in the United States; coal. Though coal is widely seen as a cheap source of energy, it contains many drawbacks: it’s emissions. Clean coal alternatives are available and they appear to have a promising future in the world of non-renewable energy....   [tags: Energy Coal Fuel Essays Papers]

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The Composition, Benefits, and History of Coal

- Coal Rock Introduction Coal has been around since the extinctions of prehistoric environments have walked this Earth and is a byproduct of those environments (Jerrett, 2011). Coal was the gold of industry when it first started out. Coal has made many countries like China and the United States very powerful (World Coal Association, 2012). What are the processes that go into the making of organic coal to make it ancient and very limited. Figure 1 Coal Producers by Rank (World Coal Association, 2012) Some people do not understand how certain coal seams belong to certain geologic periods....   [tags: geology, mining, environment]

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Negative and Positive Impacts of Coal

- ... Effects on Human Health The removal of coal through surface mining affects the health of the workers and the citizens who live near the mines. The explosives that are uses to extract the coal from the earth’s surface contain chemicals and toxins that are harmful to the workers and residents health. Coal mining is detrimental to the workers and residents who live nearby. According to the (Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2009”) Coal mining leads the United States Industries in fatal injuries and his associated with chronic health problems....   [tags: fuel, resources, energy, economy, mining]

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Proposal for a Coal Mining Project

- Executive Summary The proposal for coal mining project might be very deceiving, since it yields very huge revenue for the country. It creates employment opportunities for the people in the mining area. But coal mining pose a great threat to the civilization in the mining area.  Coal mining pollutes the environment by releasing carbon dioxide in the air.  Noise pollution.  Effect on marine life.  Health issues for the human beings.  Traffic issues....   [tags: pollution, employment, noise]

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Coal And The Dangers Of Mining

- This article is about coal and the dangers of mining and using this natural resource. The article states that coal is used in production of half of the electricity that Americans utilize. Coal is a cheap form of natural resource and was once a growing industry, but now due to the fear of climate change and the effects on the environment it is slowly declining. There are now so many regulations attached to mining coal that many coal plants have shut down and left thousands out of work. Coal mining is a very dangerous job and leads to many deaths throughout the years....   [tags: Natural environment, Biodiversity, Ecology]

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The President Of The Underhill Coal Company

- Irving was the president of the Underhill Coal Company in Buffalo, a company he himself founded through his father 's connection and company (Charles Munson Underhill Co.) in the coal industry in New York State. Although only the third person to buy land on Blackstone Lake for a summer residence he was the second Buffalonian to do so in 1900. He bought the only island in McRobert bay in two sections, on Nov 29 and on Dec 22. At the same time he christened the 2½ acre island Arcadia. At the time of possessing his island Irving, along with his brother Augustus, was a senior coal salesman for his father 's company but also became, like his father, a well known book collector....   [tags: Mark Twain, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn]

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Hazards of Coal Usage

- For years coal has been used to generate electricity for America; however it has contaminated our country more than ever. Even though coal is a huge industry it is full of accidents and hazards; workers have died of suffocation, gas poisoning, and gas explosions. Strip mining destroys the beauty of nature while also displacing animals; not only does it destroy the habit of animals it ruins the soil preventing future wildlife to grow. A forest or mining site has to be completely destroyed in order to begin mining; less trees and unstable ground result in future mudslides in surrounding areas....   [tags: Electricity, Energy, Environment]

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A Brief Analysis of The Steel Industry

- Steel Industry In the early part of this century was a time when industry was booming with growth around the installation of major railroads. With this growth came the transatlantic cable, the telegraph, and a whole lot of steel. Steel would be needed in the construction of these new transportation systems and communications were now possible between businesses and industries. (Wren, 2005) This paper will first discuss the development of the steel industry. Next, it will examine steel, and in the impact it had on the transportation industry....   [tags: Industry]

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Coal as a source of economic growth versus the adverse nature of burning coal

- In Ohio, the environmental ethics dilemma could be seen as the end result of a clash between two views. The clash occurs as the deliberate distortion of coal as a source of economic growth and prosperity collides with empirical facts shared by the scientific community about the adverse nature of burning coal. Through means of assessing both views from a consequentialist ethical standpoint, we could form a conclusion about the legitimacy of each view’s claims; hence, we can decide which view is ethically superior, in other words, which view is efficient from an environmental standpoint....   [tags: Environmental Ethics]

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Coal Mining: Benefits from Making Coal Production Cleaner

- Coal Mining: Can Clean Be The New Green. When trying to choose a topic for my Response Paper, I came across the article on the SEED Magazine website titled “The Lesser Evil: Nuclear or Coal?” Because I not only live in a coal mining town, but also in a county that would no longer exist without the coal industry, I wanted to not only see what exactly was so “evil” about coal, but also how it could be made safer. With global warming, acid rain and other issues coming into view in the present, I have mostly focused on the effect that coal mining has on the environment....   [tags: energy, environment]

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Coal Seam Gas

- With environmental sustainability a key focus for the future the need for cleaner forms of power generation have resulted in a number of gas exploration projects in Australia (Department of Infrastructure and Planning, 2008). With Australia having potentially vast untapped reserves of coal seam methane beds it must be asked whether there are any negative impacts associated with coal seam methane (CSM) before the energy industry moves into a new technology. Coalification, the geologic process that progressively converts plant material to coal, generates large quantities of natural gas, which are subsequently stored in the coal seams....   [tags: Environment ]

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Energy Research Essay - Coal

- Energy Research Essay - Coal First of all, coal can be classified in many different classes. One way is known as coal rank. Coal rank is a measure of degree of change (metamorphosis) from the peat stage. The ranks range from low rank to high rank. These are called lignite, subituminous, bituminous, and anthracite. Heating value and sulfur content reach maximum values at the bituminous coal rank. This stage contains very important environmental implications. Low ranking coal (eg lignite) releases a smoky flame when ignited....   [tags: Energy Research Essays]

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Coal Usage in the Victorian Era

- Coal Usage in the Victorian Era Coal was an essential of life, especially concerning warmth and food preparation, for Victorians. The use of coal has a longer history than many suspect; predates the Victorian Era by hundred of years. The Victorians spent a great deal of time not just using various coal products, but also spent a long time thinking and disagreeing about a wide range of issues that concerned such an essential product for their way of life. The Victorians used various different kinds of this product, plant products buried underground in deposits of sedentary rock for millions of years....   [tags: Victorian Era]

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Coal and West Virginia: Where Do I Stand?

- West Virginia is a land of natural beauty. Often described as “wild and wonderful,” the state’s fall foliage, scenic rivers, and abundant wildlife inspired the composition of a ballad. The song, “Take Me Home, Country Roads,” portrays West Virginia as “almost Heaven,” and the phrase is difficult to refute (Danoff, Denver, & Nivert, 1971). According to the West Virginia Department of Commerce (2009), the state ranks among the lowest in the nation for the cost of living, the employee turnover rate, average home prices, and instances of violent crime....   [tags: Energy ]

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Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining in the Black Mesa Complex

- Introduction Coal mining in the United States is a major industry. In 2012, the coal mining industry employed nearly 90,000 people [1]. The Black Mesa Complex in Northern Arizona consists of two seperate coal mines, the Kayenta mine and the Black Mesa coal mines. Both mines are owned and operated by Peabody Western Coal Company (PWCC). The mines are located 10 miles southwest of Kayenta, AZ. The Kayenta mine is 40,000 acres (62.5 square miles), employs 430 workers [2], and is the 27th largest mine in the United States, producing nearly 7.5 million short tons of coal per year [1]....   [tags: environmental issues, impact of flora and fauna]

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- Coal In the world today, Coal is one of the most used Fossil Fuels in America. The black gold, which I like to call it, affects America in so many different ways. Have no worries coal is no where from becoming extinct or replaced. "Coal will be popular big time, in 2005," says Jim Thompson, who edits the weekly report U.S. Coal Review out of Knoxville, Tenn. "There will be more test bums than ever." In Wyoming alone they shipped out over four hundred million tons. I can’t even imagine how large that quantity is....   [tags: Energy Resources Fossil Fuels Essays]

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How Coal Is Formed

- How Coal Is Formed Coal is a very important fossil fuel. Without coal, steel would never have been invented and could have changed my life dramatically. The reason for this is because I am from Pittsburgh. At one point in time Pittsburgh was the leading producer of steel, and even had the nickname “The Steel City.” During the early 1900’s, steel factories were the main source of an income for people living in Pittsburgh. Working in these steel factories has been a part of my family’s past, since three generations of my family have been part of the steel industry....   [tags: Research Essays]

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Coal Legislation

- Coal Coal is a fossil fuel- hydrocarbon containing natural resource, much like petroleum or natural gas. It is extracted from the Earth by strip mining or underground mining. It is a readily combustible black sedimentary rock, which is one of the three main rock categories. Coal is composed of carbon and hydrocarbons, in coordination with other elements. It is the leading source of electricity the world over. It is estimated that half of the world’s electricity is powered by coal. Coal mining in the United States is recorded to have first occurred in Virginia when 50 tons were purged from the earth in 1748 (coaleducation.org)....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Got Coal?

- Got Coal. In this essay, I hope to inform the reader about the variations in Pennsylvania’s coals, explain the differing methods of coal mining, and provide insights into the use of coal. Although Pennsylvania’s coal reserves have dwindled, coal is still one of the major energy forms used for electric power generation. Widespread use of alternative energy forms have not yet taken place, although this is an area that needs to develop further, if we don’t want to exhaust our current reserves of fossil fuels....   [tags: Research Essays]

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Clean Coal Technology

- Clean Coal Technology The Sun is one of the most valuable resources to us as human beings and we would not exist without it. It has provided the earth with energy since the beginning of the universe. One way that the power of the sun is utilized by us is through the use of fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are essentially energy stored by the sun from milllions of years ago. One of our most valuable fossil fuels is coal. We have been using it for decades, but are just now learning all of the negative drawbacks that come with burning coal....   [tags: Energy Environment Environmental]

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Ethics and The Mining Industry

- ... I spent 15 minuted staring at the blank white screen on my laptop thinking "Where do I start?" do I start at typing about gold. Diamonds. Ethics. I was just so lost, but isn't that the truth about mining. It's lost. Day by day, the ethics which hold it together are disappearing, they are no where to be found. Lost. The more I read, the more I also realised what a cold, and dark industry it is, yes there are people trying to improve their standards, they are striving for better ways on conducting themselves and their behaviour in the mining industry, but there are still so many deep holes, like the ones left by artisinal miners in Africa, it's quit frightening....   [tags: minerals, cold and dark industry]

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Nuclear, Coal, and Alternative Energy

- Nuclear Vs. Coal Power Nuclear power and coal are two of the main sources of electricity used in the United States today. Coal and Nuclear power along with Natural Gas make up over 93% of the power we use. Yet they are also the most feared and misunderstood. While both have negative connotations, they both are clearly still doing the job better than other alternative energy. Nuclear power is not readily feared for the result it will have on the environment although it should be. Used fuel assemblies are kept on site for at least seven years usually stored in onsite ponds....   [tags: Energy Sources]

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Working in a Coal Mine

- The loud beat thumps relentlessly. It is like a never-ending headache changing only with a mood, an arrangement, or a performer. The message of the song, in and of itself, is clear, but performers can change a song’s meaning without as much as the alteration of a single lyric. In 1966, Lee Dorsey released a song entitled, “Working in a Coal Mine.” Allen Toussaint wrote the lyrics and music. (Wikipedia-Working in a Coal Mine) The release of the song came at a time when America coal miners were enduring tremendous hardship in the coalmines of West Virginia....   [tags: Music]

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CSG- Coal Seam Gas

- Introduction: Coal seam gas (CSG) in Australia is becoming the largest provider of energy, estimated to reach 80% of Australia’s energy produced in power plants fuelled by natural gas, sourced from coal seams. (Australian Pacific LNG, 2012) Australia has become a large exporter of the world’s natural gas supply, shown in 2006 where 160 million tons of natural gas was exported around the world, generating large revenue for Australia. (Lock the Gate Alliance Ltd, 2014) Social sustainability factors including human rights, wellbeing of residence, safety, accessibility, heritage, equity and religious and cultural sensitivities are all elements which are involved in social sustainability....   [tags: Energy Provider, Power Plants, Natural Gas]

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The Food Industry Is Essential For Public Consumption

- In order to survive, the average adult must consume around 2000 to 2500 calories a day (Fanlo). However, Americans are known to over consume, eating a total of 815 billion calories a day, which is roughly 200 billion more than needed (Consumption by the United States). With advancements in science, one would assume that this food is modified to be healthier, but sadly, this is not the case. The food industry has added numerous chemicals into their products, but not everything added is necessarily healthy for public consumption....   [tags: Food processing, Food, Chemical industry]

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The Use of Coal as an Energy Source in the United States

- Energy from Coal: The Nation’s Dirty Secret Abstract While technology has led the world into such an advanced setting with intelligent machinery and automated devices, coal has remained a loyal contributor of the energy needed by these various types of equipment to function properly. Almost half of the electricity in the United States is produced in coal plants where coal is burnt to produce this energy [1]. Both beneficial and detrimental factors come with this alternative source of energy, known by the world for centuries....   [tags: Energy Power Fossil Fuel Natural Resource]

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The Coal And Iron As The Disposal Of Great Britain

- ... The selling of goods overseas boosted wages and employment. Furthermore, the success of trade was extraordinary do to its capability to generate massive amounts of wealth for the British government (The Industrial Revolution). This money would later be used to invest in new inventions Edward Brianes wrote The History of the Cotton Manufacture in Great Britain and in it , he states “Three things may be regarded as of primary importance for the successful prosecution of manufactures namely, water-power, fuel, and iron.” ( Perry, pg....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, United Kingdom]

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The Recording Industry

- Evinced through recent changes in its model, the recording industry does not exist as the business it grew to be recognized as decades ago. With digital media platforms driving the industry, the internet has immensely impacted the industry, shifting it away from one making the majority of its profits from revenue gained by music sales. Instead, the Internet is making it easy for consumers to not pay for music. In the novel Fortune’s Fool, Fred Goodman exposes the new economic model of the record industry, illuminating the unfairness in Internet users constantly accessing music for free, as they reject the idea of paying for music, coercing Goodman to pose the question: “Why advocate fair-tr...   [tags: digital media, internet, warner bross]

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The Effects Of Fracking On The World Of Fracking

- ... In fact, “America’s 100 years of Natural Gas” was based on unrealistic evidence. Turns out there are only a few geological locations in America that offer great amounts of Natural Gas. These locations are often restricted to a small core of only a few counties.(Source 1) Another problem caused by fracking for Natural Gas is environmental problems; pollution. Studies done by universities and environmentalists show that contaminated water is common (Source 1). Scientists have recently discovered that these companies that take place in all of the fracking have been doing so at far shallower depths than once thought....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Petroleum, Coal mining]

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Estimating the Social Rate of Return to R&D in the Coal, Petroleum and Nuclear Energy Industries According to Country and Time Period

- Literature Review In order to define optimal investment in R&D, it is necessary to study the rate of return to R&D investments. Jones and Williams in the 1998 paper “Measuring the Social Rate of Return to R&D” estimate the effects of non-optimal investment using an endogenous growth model. This paper will use a similar growth model to conduct its research, with the goal of estimating the social rate of return instead of the private rate of return. The reason for this distinction being the social rate of return includes positive spillovers, as mentioned previously....   [tags: Macroeconomics, Modeling, Public Good]

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Essential Energy from Coal, the Sedimentary Rock

- Coal defined as the sedimentary rock, is recognized as an essential energy inputs. The decomposition of organisms over time yields vast amount of organic material. The organics collectively known as biomass, when acted upon by the heat and pressure, produces coal, petroleum, and natural gas, collectively called fossil fuels, which are trapped in rock formations (USEIA, 2005). Methane in the coal seams originates by thermogenic and biogenic activities that affect the organic matter during the coalification process (Jenkins et al., 2008)....   [tags: mining, resources, reserves]

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The Day Of The General Strike

- ... This guilt is one of the reasons why sympathetic support was given to the miners by the TUC in 1926. The impact of this is important, as this is the main reason as to why the TUC back the miners in the first place instead of leaving them on their own, as they did in 1921. Red Friday was the name given to the day when the government negotiated a subsidy for the coal industry which was to last nine months to enable employers to maintain wages and conditions during a time when exporting coal wasn’t profitable due to the resurgence of German exports....   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Trade union, Winston Churchill]

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Massey Energy Corporation Owned And Operated The Upper Big Branch Mine

- ... Massey Energy Corporation also had an impact on the environment by illegally dumping waste in the mountain region which affected wildlife, polluted the streams and contaminated the drinking water supply (Lawrence & Weber, 2014). As a side note, Massey Energy had other environmental violations in a Kentucky mine which contaminated hundreds of miles of two major rivers. Because of Don Blankenship’s intimidating leadership style and the employees needing to keep the jobs they had, managers and employees knowingly worked in unsafe conditions and covered up safety violations when government inspectors visited the facility....   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Occupational safety and health]

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The United Mine Workers Of America

- To withstand hours that prompt them never to see the light of day, with bodies blackened by coal and the surrounding inescapable darkness of their enclosure, living each day with the knowledge that it could be their last and knowing that the attendant agony only offers barely sufficient wages to provide for their families: this characterizes the life of a nineteenth century coal miner whose only salvation manifests in public mobilization. Here is an alternate beginning. To know that the good of America lies in the hands of all true patriots willing to contribute all their efforts toward success in wartime, sacrificing their lives for their country if necessary, while knowing that on the oth...   [tags: Coal mining, Coal, Anthracite, South Wales]

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Air Pollution in West Virginia

- Air Pollution West Virginia is faced with a moral dilemma when it comes to coal. Coal is the state’s number one resource, but it is affecting the health of its citizens. The effects of coal-fired power plants are harming the health of Americans nationwide, and even more so in our own state. Coal is West Virginia’s top source for income, jobs, and electricity, so should West Virginia, along with the rest of the nation switch to a greener alternative, or is clean coal technology really a viable option....   [tags: coal exploitation, moral dilemma]

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1057 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Advancements in the Naval Powers

- The introduction of new naval technologies and the speed in which they came created an atmosphere of desperation among the various competing naval powers in the early 20th century. At one point a nation could have built (or be in the process of building) new capital ships and spend huge sums of capital, only to find that they are now obsolete. The British decision to switch from coal burning to oil burning naval vessels helped give it the technological gap needed to confront other naval powers, but it is also made the country weary of were it gets its oil increasing tensions with foreign companies....   [tags: technology, battleships, coal]

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The United States Energy Industry

- ... Hydraulic fracturing stimulates wells drilled into these formations, making profitable otherwise prohibitively expensive extraction. Within the past decade, the combination of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling has opened up shale deposits across the country and brought large-scale natural gas drilling to new regions. As the number of companies using the high-volume hydraulic fracturing process has expanded, so too has the scale of chemical activity. The long-term health and environmental effects of injecting large volumes of small concentrations of chemicals at this scale are uncertain and hotly debated....   [tags: natural gas, drilling methods]

Term Papers
1429 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Nuclear Power Is Not The Way

- ... The use of factual statistics from both nuclear power and coal power industries strengthens the argument for nuclear power. The reason for this is to persuade the reader into believing the articles facts with the appeals of logos and ethos. Another part of the article that is effective is the conclusion, “Until we can successfully educate the American electorate on the real pros and cons of nuclear power, we will not be able to engage in healthy national discussion on the topic” (2008, Nuclear, p.64)....   [tags: Nuclear power, Coal, Sustainable energy]

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The Issue Of Nuclear Energy

- ... Nuclear would be especially beneficial in Alberta as their energy industry is dominated by coal and oil. With the construction of nuclear plants, the large number of relatively inefficient coal and oil plants can be closed down and replaced by the modern nuclear plant. Another method of producing energy which is a main competitor of nuclear energy is hydroelectricity. Hydroelectricity produces energy in the same way as nuclear does, by spinning turbines to create electricity. However, hydroelectricity uses water while nuclear uses nuclear fission....   [tags: Nuclear power, Coal, Electricity generation]

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1146 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Fucus Spiral Research and Outcomes

- ... Nevertheless, all methods had slightly difference on how much the drainage water influences the abundance. I think that the weakest method was the one where I had to count the dichotomies. This method is directly followed by the one which concerned with reproduction, because November is not a main month for reproduction. 6. Outlook The effect minewater has on the intertidal community (including fucoid plants) is localized but prominent. The pollution of rivers and oceans through minewater discharges is not a single occurrence but something that affects the whole Fife region....   [tags: plants, result, coal, mine, water]

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609 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Questions On The Presidents Clean Energy Act

- This week’s topic will discuss two questions concerning the Presidents clean energy act. They are as follows; is the President 's policy on the coal industry correct in that he wants to eliminate it to reduce greenhouse gasses. What effect will this have on our nation 's poor and on the rich and will it have an effect on the world as a whole. The clean energy act policy states that each energy production facility must reduce their greenhouse gas emissions 30% by 2030. “The Environmental Protection Agency released a long-anticipated rule proposal that seeks by 2030 to reduce America’s carbon dioxide emissions 30% from 2005 levels” (Helman, 2014)....   [tags: Coal, Natural gas, Carbon dioxide, Greenhouse gas]

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1089 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire

- The Coal Miners in France During the Second Empire In this paper I will explain why revolt by the labor against capital in Second Empire France failed. To explain the situation, I will use Marx's theory of capital accumulation as he presents it in {Capital}. Also important in the theoretical description of this phenomena is the role of tradition and the way its restraints deviate from those of the economy in this French society. Based on this description I will discuss how the function of management is enforced by the economy and traditions inherent in a society....   [tags: World History Economy Economics Essays]

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1990 words | (5.7 pages) | Preview

Executive Summary: An Overview of Heavy Industry in Guangzhou

- An overview of Heavy industry in Guangzhou Executive summary Guangzhou is selected as the case city in this report because of its unique geographical and economical position in the world. Among a number of industries in this city, heavy industry plays the most significant role in its economic growth. To provide a better understanding of heavy industry in Guangzhou, this report applies PEST model and also presents both the current challenges and advantages that the heavy industry face. As a typical emerging city, Guangzhou can provide some applications about how to overcome barriers in the process of upgrading industry....   [tags: china, urban cities, policy]

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1935 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

The 1920's and the Automobile Industry

- The 1920's and the Automobile Industry In the 1920s, the USA's economy was booming. People felt that they had a right to prosperity and many had aims of owning a nice house and car. Most people in the USA had this state of mind. I believe that the automobile industry was extremely important in the economic boom. In the 1890s cars were only made by skilled blacksmiths, and were very expensive. Only about 4000 were produced each year/ However Henry Ford changed all this. He set up the first real 'production line', where workers only had one or two jobs to do on a car as it passed them....   [tags: Papers]

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Denial And Distraction : The Republican Party

- ... Through scientists’ studies of the effects of this and other greenhouse gases, along with such measurements as arctic ice showing a 40% increase in carbon dioxide levels since the year 1800, they are able to conclude with reasonable certainty that human activity is a major cause of climate change (p. 5). NASA points out that we are witnessing environmental changes in just a generation or two that would normally take thousands, or even millions, of years to occur naturally (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2015)....   [tags: Carbon dioxide, Greenhouse gas, Coal, Fossil fuel]

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1269 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Miners Strike 1984

- Throughout the century British coal had become increasingly costly and difficult to mine. Nationalization in 1948 had not altered this. Indeed, there was a case for saying that lack of government investment since that date had added to the problem. For some time Britain had been importing coal from abroad. With the exception of few pits producing particular types of coal, British mines by the 1970s were running at loss. When Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister the first thing she wanted to do was limit union power....   [tags: British Coal, Margaret Thatcher vs Trade Union]

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499 words | (1.4 pages) | Preview

History and Impact of the Steam Engine

- The Steam Engine “In the never-ending search for energy sources, the invention of the steam engine changed the face of the earth.” (Siegel, Preface) The steam engine was the principal power source during the British Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. The steam engine opened a whole new world to everyone. The steam engine maximized production, efficiency, reliability, minimized time, the amount of labor, and the usage of animals. The steam engine in all revolutionized the Eastern Hemisphere, mainly European society....   [tags: Industry, Technology]

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2058 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Birthplace of Industry

- Birthplace of Industry from the free library by Farlex, from freelibrary.com the article was about the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, using the new product coke to smelt iron. The Darby family demonstrated the uses of iron by building the first iron bridge. The article showed the inventiveness of people and how they contributed to advancements in technology. Written well and organized conceptually showing the importance of smelting iron with new technology of coke a product of coal. The old furnace of Abraham Darby (1678-1717) was located in the town of Coalbrookdale the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution....   [tags: Article Analysis ]

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1716 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Changing Locational Factors of Manufacturing Industry

- Changing Locational Factors of Manufacturing Industry In the 20th century the factors affecting the location of industry within the UK changed. This can be seen as a change from an emphasis on physical factors affecting the location of manufacturing industries, such as raw materials, to an emphasis on more human and economic factors, such as labour and transport. The growth of manufacturing in the UK began in the 18th and 19th centuries during the Industrial Revolution, making Great Britain one of the most industrialised countries in the world....   [tags: Papers]

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1294 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

The Mining Industry in South Australia

- Mining industry has been the anchor of South Australia’s economy and, benefits it has provided outweigh whichever associated costs. As developed by the South Australian State Government (2013), “realising the benefits of the mining boom for all” is one of the seven strategic priorities to secure the state’s future. Mining is an important industry in South Australia because it has been a major source of minerals for the high demand in Australia and many countries (Flinders Ranges Research n.d.). This industry plays a vital part in advantaging the state in terms of economic – profits and job opportunities; social – more skilled workers and population growth in the outback; political – good sta...   [tags: economy, mining, employment, GSP]

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984 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

When Industry Meets the Environment

- The Global Environment When Industry Meets The Environment The culture of industry has totally changed the way we see the world around us; from the structure within our cities, to the degradation of the natural environment. The industrial revolution began in Britain in 1760 (Griffin). Many historians claim this happened because of a civil unrest in the country, which transformed into a movement (Landes). Civil unrest stemmed from the poor living condition and the poverty within the area. This also happened because new technologies emerged, creating a new push for a commercial way of life....   [tags: industrial revolution, environmental effects]

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1463 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Examining Efficiency in UK Electricity

- In reaction to those demands, Winksel (2002) confirmed that a small number of international plant manufacturers such as General Electric, Asea Brown Boveri, Westinghouse and Siemens began investing heavily in industrial gas turbine development, and developed “advanced units of around 100MW to 150MW specifically for use in combined cycle plant” (Winskel, 2002, p.569). In 1989, the manufacturers released a new series of advanced designs “rated at over 200MW, and by 1990, gas turbines were capturing two-thirds of all power plant orders in the USA” (Winskel, 2002, p.569)....   [tags: Energy, British Coal]

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Cartelization in the Cement Industry

- Contents Introduction 1 Literature Review 2 The Players 3 APCMA 3 CCP 5 Major Companies 7 Foreign Investors 9 Cartelization in an Industry 11 Cartelization in the Cement Industry 12 Impact of Cartelization 13 References 14 Introduction   Literature Review http://www.dgtrdt.gov.pk/Research/38th_syndicate_reports/4.pdf   The Players APCMA APCMA stands for the All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association. It is the top body for cement manufacturers in Pakistan. The organization is registered under Section 3 of the Trade Organization Ordinance of 2007....   [tags: Literature Reviews, Major Companies, Investors]

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1491 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Markets Within The Construction Industry

- In task one I have to explain the different markets within the construction industry. I will use national statistics as a source of raw data. In task two I will describe the four main economic resources needed to enable a construction project to start, looking at the scenario I will be writing as a junior quantity surveyor to the manager and will basically describe the requirements to enable a construction project to start. In task three I will analyse the different types of finance available for a typical construction project, including the different conditions and terms which have been imposed by the provider....   [tags: banks, finances, requirements, labor markets]

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1653 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

U.S Domestic Actions on Climate Change: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

- The United States currently produce their energy from natural gas, nuclear, coal, conventional hydropower, petroleum and other renewable energy sources, and this makes them the world’s consumer and producer of energy. United States is carrying out domestic policy measures to address the huge predicament of climate change and to improve a thriving and sustainable clean energy. This is via legislation, consumer subsidies, civic education, and tax incentives (Bannon, 2007). The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) that came to force in 2009 that saw the allocation in excess of ninety billion for the venture in clean energy technologies to create diverse, clean and energy- independent e...   [tags: natural gas, nuclear, coal]

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629 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Australian Energy Production: Wind Energy

- ... A Wind turbine is non-polluting and renewable, they create power without producing any fossil fuels. Rumours have gone around stating that the gold coast could be powered by non-pollutant sources, I believe that wind turbines could be powering every single home across the gold coast. Firstly wind energy is believed to be one of the most environmentally friendly sources of energy. One of the main reasons why a wind turbine is so environmentally friendly is that it produces no fossil fuels into the atmosphere....   [tags: fossil fuel, coal, environment]

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592 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Natural Gas Market Evolution in US

- ... Even though the interstate pipelines were regulated, the well head prices were not. In the interest of end customers, state governments started moving to courts seeking regulation of well head prices. In 1940s, Supreme Court stated that the well head prices will come under federal government’s purview, if the gas producer and purchasing pipelines were affiliated companies1. In this situation, FPC contended that if the natural gas producer and pipeline companies are unaffiliated, the gas well head prices will be competitive due to the market forces....   [tags: energy consumption, coal fields]

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The Roles of Management and Organization in the Mining Industry

- TASK 1 Organisation and management plays a vital role in mining industry .organisation means how to organise the industry .if there is best organisation then industry will run very well .on the other hand management is a also important part of industry. In management we know about the how to manage the company or industry. Task two: Efficiency and effectiveness means work should be done in proper way like best use of resources and time. It is very necessary for every industry that every employee use the time and resources in best way....   [tags: efficiency, risk, accidents]

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1048 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Impacts of the Iron and Steel Industry in India

- ... Plants in Bhilai and Bokaro were established with help from Soviet Union and Durgapur and Rourkela came up with British and West German partnership. Production Scenario of Iron and Steel Industry in India This industry is classified as heavy industry as all its raw materials are heavy and massive. They employ iron-ore, lime stone and coking coal in huge quantities. Efficient transport system to carry raw materials and finished product is a necessity. Also proximity to raw materials specially coal and iron are helps in economic production....   [tags: investment, infrastructure, manufacturing]

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950 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Petroleum And Its Effects On The Petrochemical Industry

- ... As indicated aside Australia 's Department of Measurements information, the nation 's northern and Northwestern locales anticipate oil item imports unrefined petroleum for its refineries and local markets. In the petrochemical industry economic scale shows differences in the following countries; Singapore supplies around 4.7% of Australia 's oil item imports with the majority of the update originating from refiners in Japan and South Korea. Most raw petroleum imports from Malaysia, United Bedouin Emirates and Indonesia, which fully created around 48% of the aggregate imports in 2013....   [tags: Petroleum, Oil refinery, Petrochemical]

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1395 words | (4 pages) | Preview

The Textile Industry after the Industrial Revolution

- The Industrial Revolution can be seen as one of those eras that resulted in a great number of progresses, problems, and promises overall. From the multitude of progresses that helped people to advance with new successes and acquired achievements to the situations and standards that raised issues or created problems, on a broad spectrum there was plenty of change. It’s commonly agreed upon that the Industrial Revolution brought forth many positive changes in general but more specifically, there were several progresses just within the textile industry....   [tags: technological breakthroughs and their effects]

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691 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Assess whether or not the changes in the structure of the UK industry

- Assess whether or not the changes in the structure of the UK industry have been beneficial for the economy, industries and the consumer. Over the past 30 years the structure of the UK economy has been transformed. By this I mean there has been changes in the production and employment between the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors. In 1964, 1,201,000 people were employed in the primary sector. By 1995 there were only 383,000 people employed in the primary sector. This shows a decrease of 818,000 employees over 31 years....   [tags: Economics]

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793 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Impact Of The Steel Industry On The Industrial Revolution

- ... The lumber industry also realized an economical gain from the railroad. In the past, loggers used navigable streams and rivers to transport the wood they harvested to sawmills. Timberland located near waterways was quickly exhausted. Railroads provided a way for lumber companies to gain access to previously inaccessible wooded land. Sawmills no longer needed to be located near water. As the demand for lumber increased, the number of sawmills increased. Washington, Louisiana, Mississippi and other states saw a dramatic increase in lumber production (Howe)....   [tags: Thomas Edison, Incandescent light bulb]

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1172 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

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