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Evolutionary Developmental Biology

- Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) was instituted in the early 1980s as a distinctive field of study to characterise the new synthesis of evolution hypothesis (Müller, 2007). Evo-devo is regarded as a new rule in evolutionary biology and a complement to neo-Darwinian theories. It has formed from the combination of molecular developmental biology and evolutionary molecular genetics; their integration has helped greatly to understand both of these fields. Evo-devo as a discipline has been exploring the role of the process of individual development and the changes in evolutionary phenotype, meaning the developmental procedure by which single-celled zygotes grow to be multicellular or...   [tags: Biology ]

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Analysis and Description of Synthetic Biology

- Synthetic biology, “the aim is to create improved biological functions to fight current and future challenges”. Like all engineering disciples’ synthetic biology is motivated by application to solve specific problems” (3, 7). “Like chemistry biology is the study of living things. Synthetic biology is replicating and recreating nature, which allows it to sometimes control living things (6). Larger quantities of Artemisinin a drug for malaria will be due to the new E coli strain. Thoughts are that it may be able to produce food, optimize industrial processing and detect, prevent and cure cancer (1, 3)....   [tags: synthetic biology, dna, cells]

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The Evolutionary Biology Of Cancer

- So picture yourself, your mother or father has just undergone cancer treatment and now you are afraid that the disease could be passed down to you. Now picture yourself in the alternative knowing that the disease can be based down to you and your offspring and there are effective treatments in place. These are the studies that are being done in evolutionary biology of cancer and scientists are making great progress. Ecology and Evolutionary Biologists claim that natural selection has a factor in the genetics of cancer....   [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Biology]

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Marine Study Of Marine Biology

- Marine Biology When you think of a marine biologist, what do you see. You might picture a dolphin trainer, or maybe you see a man swimming with whales and sharks deep in the middle of the ocean. The field of marine biology is the study of aquatic organisms, their behaviors, and their interactions with the environment. It is considered the most unknown and exciting fields of oceanography. The Phoenicians and the Greeks are responsible for the earliest known studies of marine biology. However, specific references to marine life were never recorded until the writings of Aristotle (384-322 BC)....   [tags: Ocean, Oceanography, Marine biology, Life]

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Molecular Biology And Expressing Gfp

- ... coli are created (one containing clean media, one containing clean media and Glucose, one containing clean media and Arabinose, and another containing Arabinose and Glucose) then the sample from the tube with Glucose and Arabinose (Tube D) will have the highest absorbance and fluorescence. Methods: Week one lab: Transformation of E. coli. Each lab group was given a tube of E. coli and tube of plasmid. They were placed in ice. After they were placed in ice, 3 1.5mL eppi tubes were labeled. The first tube was labeled No DNA; the second tube was labeled Low; and the third tube was labeled High....   [tags: DNA, Bacteria, Gene, Molecular biology]

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Evolutionary Development Biology

- Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) has been instituted in the early 1980s as a distinctive field of study to characterize the new synthesis of evolution hypothesis (Müller, 2007). Evo-devo has been regarded as a new rule in evolutionary biology and complement to the neo- Darwinian theories. It has formed from the molecular developmental biology and evolutionary molecular genetics that their integration helps to greatly understand both of them into the recent evo-devo. Evo-devo as discipline has been explored the role of the process of individual development and the evolutionary phenotype changes that is mean the developmental procedure by which single-celled zygotes grow to be mul...   [tags: Biology, Embryology]

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Practical Applications of Evolutionary Biology

- Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace's concept of natural selection and descent with modification helped shape the theory of evolution which holds as much weight as the theory of relativity per se. Evolutionary biology is the science devoted to understanding how populations change through time in response to modifications of their environment and how new species come into being by studying adaptation and diversity (Freeman and Herron 2004). Evolutionary biology has proved that all organisms have evolved from a common ancestor over the last 3.5 billion years....   [tags: Biology]

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Wildlife Conservation and Biology

- There are 6.5 million species of land mammals. Wildlife biologists get the privilege of studying and spending time with these animals as their everyday life. I should be a wildlife biologist so I can study land mammals. Wildlife biology is a field of biology in which land animals are studied. It deals with all animals with backbones and studies individual species of wildlife, their habitats, and surrounding ecosystems (Fitzgerald). It also studies how animals may interact with their ecosystem....   [tags: Land Mammals, Large Animals, Animals, Biology]

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Education in Biology and Anatomy: The Exhibition of Bodies

- The Exhibition of Bodies offers the opportunity to children and adults an unprecedented visual experience to learn as never before about the complex human body. The Exhibition is located at 11 Fulton Street. New York, NY 1003.The Exhibition consists of 14 full body human specimens and over 200 organs. When one goes to this exhibition, one has to go completely open minded and aware that this bodies were willingly donated to assist educational, medical and scientific research. Through Polymer preservation, each body and organs in the nine galleries are dissected to clearly show the complex anatomical systems of the human specie....   [tags: anatomy, biology, exhibits,]

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My PhD: The Conservation Biology of Shorebirds

- The main direction of my PhD is to reveal why shorebirds are declining. I propose to use a combination of research methods (fieldwork, GIS, phylogenetic analyses), because learning these methods will be highly beneficial in my career as conservation biologist and academic. I have only decided about 3 papers, each should be suitable for a chapter. The direction of further chapters needs to be discussed as I go along. Chapter 1. Why are shorebirds declining. Comparative tests of intrinsic and extrinsic variables on threat status and population trends Shorebird (sandpipers, plovers, gulls and allies) populations are declining globally, driving many species to the brink of extinction (Zockler et...   [tags: PhD, proposals, Conservation Biology, animals,]

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The Uses of Biology

- The Uses of Biology Ahh...there's nothing like lounging around in your favorite pair of jeans, reading up on some biology. It's hard to believe that annual sales of jeans like yours make up part of a $700 Billion global industry....   [tags: Biology Biological Technology ]

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The Tree of life: Genetic Sequencing and Evolutionary Biology

- The diversity and the unity of life are equally meaningful and striking aspects of our Earth (Dobzhansky, 1973). Although an astounding 1.2 million species have already been identified, it is estimated that another 8.7 million are yet, to be discovered and classified (Mora et al., 2011). By understanding what unifies us –our genes, our understanding of the organisms we share our planet with will continue to grow. Genomic sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule....   [tags: genomic sequencing, evolutionary biology]

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Biology

- Biology is the science of living systems. It is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialities may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization. BOTANY is concerned with plant life, ZOOLOGY with animal life, algology with ALGAE, MYCOLOGY with fungi, MICROBIOLOGY with microorganisms such as protozoa and bacteria, CYTOLOGY with CELLS, and so on. All biological specialties, however, are concerned with life and its characteristics....   [tags: Biology]

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The Utility of Nucleic Acid Hybridisation and Nucleic Acid Probes In Molecular Biology

- The unique property of nucleic acids to pair with each other through complementary base pairing is the lifeblood of genetic engineering. A single strand of DNA can pair up with another strand of DNA or RNA if its base pairs are complementary to those of the other strand, under the right conditions of temperature and pH. This phenomenon is called nucleic acid hybridisation. It is possible to exploit this mechanism for the detection of one nucleic acid strand from a mixture of many other strands....   [tags: Molecular Biology]

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Biology and Philosophy of Love

- Biology and Philosophy of Love What does it mean to love another person. This question is one that virtually every person has asked himself at some point; virtually every school of thought that exists has attempted to provide an answer of some sort. In this paper I will explain my own attempt at answering that question, from the perspective of an amateur philosopher; then I shall delineate the answers that some biologists have given. We shall see that, while at first these two sets of answers might appear to be quite different, there are in fact some interesting and notable similarities....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Beauty, Biology, and Society

- Beauty, Biology, and Society What is beauty. How do human beings decide who is attractive and who is not. Society is full of messages telling us what is beautiful, but what are those definitions based on. Do we consciously decide whom we are attracted to, or is biology somehow involved. The issue of beauty and how we define it has been studied for centuries. Scholars from all fields of study have searched for the "formula" for beauty. Darwin in his book The Descent of Man wrote, "It is certainly not true that there is in the mind of man any universal standard of beauty with respect to the human body....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Guidelines for Writing a Biology Review Paper

- Definition of a review paper A review is a comprehensive synthesis of results from a wide and complex set of studies A synthesis of findings rather than ideas. Goal of a review paper is to help readers make sense of all available information Direct quotations rarely found in reviews. Do Not Use. Research reviews focus on primary sources Original scientific experimentation reported in scientific journals The quality of the review depends largely on the comprehensiveness of the literature search Use of secondary sources--textbooks or review journals (Science, Scientific American, Discover) Overview of material--easier to understand....   [tags: Biology Writing Guidelines Review Paper]

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Studying Development Biology and Cellular Biology

- To take my initial steps towards research, I spent the winter during my sophomore year working on a project at microbiology laboratory under Dr. Anil Limaye, Assistant Professor, IIT Guwahati. Apart from gaining valuable knowledge in bacteriology by surveying various literature works, I learned basic techniques such as bacterial culture and transformation. A diverse spectrum of laboratory courses like Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory, Biomolecular Analysis Laboratory and Biochemical Engineering Laboratory have trained me in several basic techniques like Plasmid extraction, Gel Electrophoresis, Purification and Estimation of proteins etc....   [tags: research, baterial, culture, skills]

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Lewis Thomas’ The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher

- One can almost feel the searing penetration of Lewis Thomas’ analytical eye as it descends the narrow barrel of the microscope and explodes onto a scene of vigorous, animated, interactive little cells—cells inescapably engrossed in relaying messages to one another with every bump and bounce; with every brush of the elbow, lick of the stamp, and click of the mouse… Woven throughout Thomas’ The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher is a desire to link scientific phenomena with social behavior—to peruse the symbiotic relationship that we, as humans, are incapable or perhaps unwilling, to contemplate....   [tags: Biology Science Papers]

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Change in View: Schizophrenia Moves From Psychology to Biology

- Change in View: Schizophrenia Moves From Psychology to Biology Early on in the research regarding the disease schizophrenia, it was thought by doctors to be an illness of a psychological nature, not one relating to the brain. However, in the context of "Neurobiology and Behavior," and in recent light of new information about the disease, I will be examining it as a product of the brain, one that most now believe originates in early childhood. Not only that, but the evidence for it being a biological function of the brain also lies in genetics, with some startling statistics on the signs of the disease....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

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Biology and the Properties of Gas Exchange Surfaces

- Properties of Gas exchange surfaces Alveolus – Air sac in the lungs • Hundreds of thousands in lungs • Increase lungs SA SA:V ratio = Surface area Volume Diffusion 0.5 cm cube – 2mm cubed of non dyed agar 1cm cube – 5mm cubed of non dyed agar 2cm cube – 18mm cubed of non dyed agar DIFFUSION IS QUICKER WITH SMALLER SA’s Alveoli are so small. • Diffusion is fast - blood capillary nearby • Thin walls (alveoli and capillary) (one cell thick) • Numerous Alveoli – Increases SA of Lungs (Each alveolus is small for quick diffusion) • Lots of blood capillaries next to alveoli • LUNGS = EFFICIENT GAS EXCHANGE SA = rate of diffusion Difference in concentration gradient = Rate of di...   [tags: biology, science experiments, ]

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Biology And Evolutionary Biology : Why Are We Here?

- Who are we, and Why are we here. The search to answer these questions has led me to my interest in physical anthropology and evolutionary biology. Through my undergraduate studies in these fields, I not only discovered the wonders of human evolution, but my classes have made me became more aware of the many healthcare issues both locally and globally. It was this realization, and my growing interest in public health and healthcare policy, that lead me to apply to the integrated graduate studies program to receive a Masters in Bioethics, simultaneously with my undergraduate degree....   [tags: Medicine, Public health]

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A Research Study On Biology Students

- As a third year student majoring in biology, I can tell all the trials and tribulations you might face when you get to UC Davis. When I first arrived to UC Davis, numerous biology students, most of who were either pre-health or graduate school-bound, surrounded me. Within weeks of being at UC Davis, I quickly realized that lots of these students were exceptionally smart and extremely dedicated, working very hard to get good grades. At times, I felt like Mufasa from the Lion King, getting trampled on by the stampede of intelligence from other biology students....   [tags: High school, College, Student, University]

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Synthetic Biology: Promises and Perils

- Synthetic Biology: Promises and Perils In May 2010, researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) in San Diego announced the construction of the first “synthetic” organism, a bacterium powered by an artificially synthesized genome.1 While the de novo generation of life remains beyond scientific reach (the JCVI team transplanted the synthetic genome into an existing Mycoplasma recipient cell), the implications of Venter’s experimental success are profound. A milestone in the nascent field of synthetic biology, JCVI’s pioneering achievement has inspired prospects for the creation of highly customized genomes with agricultural, environmental, and pharmaceutical applications....   [tags: Synthetic Organisms, J. Craig Venter]

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Synthetic Physics : Synthetic Biology

- Synthetic Biology The introduction of synthetic biology, explained as "the design and construction of new biological parts, devices, and systems, and the re-design of existing, natural biological systems for useful purposes" ("Synthetic Biology") has almost taken over the field of biology. This branch of biology has become fairly new with the technological era that has every country funding money towards their science departments. Synthetic biology has many sections under it because of it 's broad coverage....   [tags: Gene, DNA, Genetics, Organism]

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A Study On The Biology And Health

- The readers of my paper vary from demographics, it is intended to be read mainly by biology and health students, but it also includes parents of young children from all backgrounds, though they are a secondary audience. Students read my paper so that they a have a grasp on a how their field is applied in the real world and the complications that result of implementing it in a certain fashion. My readers likely understand the fundamentals of how vaccines are supposed to work, and they understand the necessity of being immunized, many if not all would favor having a completely immunized populous, resulting in elimination of diseases....   [tags: Vaccination, Immune system, Vaccine, Smallpox]

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The Biology Of Microbiology And Immunology

- Statement of Purpose The amount of damage that microbes like HIV and Cholera could do to the human body fascinated me, and my curiosity led me to want to learn a lot more about these diseases and others. As an AP biology student, my teachers did go into some detail about how these diseases developed, I kept asking more questions about the molecular basis of how these diseases worked until my teacher would tell me that she did not know. As an idealistic high school student, not only did I want to learn more about how these diseases interacted with the human body, but I also wanted to discover ways of stopping them....   [tags: Immune system, Bacteria, Virus]

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The Fusion Of Technology And Biology

- Abstract: Science continues to become more and more integrated in daily life. It’s rapid pace of advancement will cause people to ask how large a role technology should play in their life and consequently what it means to be human. This paper seeks to examines the influence that the transhumanistic fusion of technology and biology will have on human identity. I argue that the fusion of technology and biology should be pursued because it has always been a part of the human race and human identity actually gets strengthened when this happens....   [tags: Human, Meaning of life, Chimpanzee, Science]

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Molecular Biology And The Double Helix

- Molecular Biology and The Double Helix Molecular biology became a new field scientific field in the 1950s that built upon 19th and 20th century cellular and genetic investigations. Molecular studies pushed physical scientists and their instruments to study the life sciences that yielded plenty of discoveries. These investigations allowed for the discovery of proteins, nucleic acids (RNA/DNA), and the structure of the double helix. Justus Von Liebig (1803-73) continued protein molecule analysis after the work of Gerardus Mulder in the 1830s....   [tags: DNA, Francis Crick, James D. Watson, Light]

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Gender Roles: Biology or Culture

- Brettell and Sargent open their book Gender in Cross Cultural Perspectives with a question: What is the role of biology in human behaviour (Brettell and Sargent, 2009, 1). Ward and Edelstein approach this question using cross-species analysis. They compare chimpanzee biology and behaviour to humans. There are four reasons that Ward uses comparisons to chimpanzees. First, because chimpanzees represent our closest genetic relative and second, the social activities and behaviours may be reflective of human ancestors....   [tags: Gender in Cross Cultural Perspectives]

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A Study On The Biology Lab

- As I walked into room 202, I could not contain my excitement. Seeing the biology lab for the first time, my mind was filled with the thoughts of dissecting frogs and growing peas to show the wonders of genetics as Mendel had. The walls were lined with cabinets with glass panels in the doors; I could see the equipment just beyond the dusty panes: microscopes, beakers of all sizes, Erlenmeyer flasks, and diagrams of dissected animals. My instructor floated through the door and slowly sat in her chair at the front of the room....   [tags: Education, Standardized test, Teacher, Test]

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Biology And The Field Of Microbiology

- Biology is the study of living organisms divided into specialized fields that cover their morphology, physiology, anatomy, behavior, origin, and distribution. One of the most important fields within biology is microbiology, a field that details the function and behavior of microorganisms that remain invisible to the human eye. Using devices like electron microscopes scientist are able to identify, characterize, and record the morphologies and behaviors of various microorganisms. One of the most essential components of all organisms including microorganisms is their genetic information....   [tags: Bacteria, DNA, Organism, Gene]

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The Question of Biology is "Why?"

- ... Now, we can look at how DNA replication begins. DNA replication begins by unwinding the two DNA strands; an enzyme called helicase accomplishes this. This enzyme uses energy from ATP to unwind the template strand, but like any other process it encounters problems that it must overcome. When DNA is unwound a phenomena called supercoiling can occur—when the DNA is unwound the DNA helix will continue to coil over in space. To overcome this an enzyme called DNA gyrase that helps in relieving the torque that is produced by the unwinding of DNA; this enzyme essentially prevents the helix from supercoiling by changing the topological state of the helix....   [tags: DNA replication, enzymes, polymearse]

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A Study On Biology And Microbiology

- In September I intend to commence my senior year as a full time student at Rutgers University, pursing a Bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry with a minor in Microbiology. I will also be working part time as an Instructor for Chemistry 1 and 2 with Rutgers ODASIS. I also intend to continue my research in Dr. Chikindas’s Lab, investigating the role of essential oils in inhibiting AI-2. In September, I will be resuming my membership in the Voorhees Choir and Intervarsity Christian Fellowship as well as assuming the position of president of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Society....   [tags: Medicine, Physician, High school, Medical school]

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Biology Lab Report On The Environment

- Nicole Lichtenberg Professor Hancock Biology Lab 1107- 06 September 29, 2015 Introduction Austin, TX has a massive population that seems to grow bigger every day. The city has had to develop thousands of new residential areas and with that comes many types of pollution. This increase in residential areas has led to new research on ecology in urban areas. Streams around these new homes are a huge part of the research because the streams provide habitat and life to many animals, as well us humans....   [tags: Water, Hydrology, Water pollution, Nalgene]

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The Biology Of Bacteria And Archaea

- ... The bacterial species, Enterococcus faecalis was viewed under the same conditions and was recorded as being in long chains of cocci, also known as streptococci, shown in Figure 2. This Simple Staining technique allowed for the determination of the morphology and arrangement of different bacteria under a microscope. The bacterial species Serratia marcescens was viewed under a microscope after undergoing a Negative Staining technique. The dark stain surrounding the bacterial cells helped to identify that the cells were very small and in clusters of bacilli, shown in Figure 3....   [tags: Gram staining, Bacteria, Staining, Microbiology]

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Reproduction Is Not Just About Biology

- ... In my opinion, being an egg donator has advantages and disadvantages. Egg donation is a wonderful gift to a couple who cannot have a baby without your help. It 's an opportunity not only to help bring a new life into this world but also to help create a new family. The financial compensation is nice, too. However, is not as simple as just handing over your eggs. Some of the steps include Pena 2 information sessions, paperwork, and an FDA- regulated screening complete with DNA testing and a psychological evaluation....   [tags: Pregnancy, In vitro fertilisation, Donation]

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Cell And Molecular Biology Studies

- Cells are the essential component of life, comprised of billions of molecules. Molecules such as DNA, lipids, proteins, RNA, glycans, and small molecules that have defined molecular properties and biological activities. Every cell has the ability to respond to its environment and to communicate with other cells to create organs, tissues, and whole organisms. Cell and Molecular Biology is a field that bridges the fields of chemistry, structure and biology as it pursues to comprehend life and cellular developments at the molecular level....   [tags: DNA, Gene, Cell, Bacteria]

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Studying Biology On The Surface

- Looking at biology on the surface, one may see different organisms interacting with each other and their environments. This view makes biology seem like a mainly large-scale science, however, chemistry forms the basis of biology. If it were not for the atoms and molecules that form life, there would not be such large-scale systems. All matter is formed by three particles: a positively charged proton, a negatively charged electron, and a neutrally charged neutrons. The nucleus of an atom is composed of protons and neutrons, and electrons orbit the nucleus....   [tags: Atom, Covalent bond, Chemical bond, Electron]

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Six Marine Biology Films

- Summary of Films Film # 1 is called The Open Ocean. In this film, the author takes a look at the pacific. It says that the Mariana Trench (7 miles deep) is the deepest place on earth. The highest mountains of the world are located there. In shallower waters, there is much life. Photosynthetic organisms are the basis of all life in the sea. Also, some animals such as the sea anemones and the sea cucumbers allow currents to carry particles to them, and some creature pulse to deliver oxygen to their bodies, an example could be the coral polyps....   [tags: Marine Biology]

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Biology Class: A Short Story

- ... I shoved my notes on my backpack and pulled out a pen. I bit my lip, trying to recall my notes. “Now, I want you to meet your new classmate first,” he said and turned his head to the door. He nodded at someone. A boy with pale skin and dark hair entered the room. He was wearing our uniform, which looked so good at him. I stared at his face. I almost fell down from my chair. Am I in heaven. He has a heart shaped lips and round eyes. His body built is small but his legs are long. He would fit right into my arms....   [tags: dollar, school, like, boy]

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The System Biology Graph Extender

- \chapter{Introduction} The System Biology Graph Extender(SBGE) ~\cite{eckman} extends the relational database management system with graph objects and operations to support SQL queries over biological networks. It uses SQL to manage graph nodes and edge property data and uses functional extensions to SQL via \textit{user defined functions(UDF)} to manage graph operations. UDFs can be used anywhere in an SQL query that an expression of their return type can be used. It defines a graph as a first--class SQL data type, permitting graph instances using SQL in the same way with strings and numbers....   [tags: Information Technology ]

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Biology Experiment on Heart Rate

- Introduction: In year 10, biology, we have been studying the heart: the functions of the heart, the parts of the heart (ventricle, atrium) and heart problems. Besides that we have been studying the heart rate of humans. We were asked to create an experiment to see what affects heart rate. We discovered that diet, stress, cholesterol level, excitement, mass, age, temperature and exercise affected the heart. Diet and exercise were the only 2 doable and so my partner and I chose exercise. We determined that as the intensity of an exercise increased so did the heart rate of the person performing it....   [tags: High School, Physical Education, Hypothesis]

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The Biology Of Cocaine Addiction

- Marisol Muneton Professor Muller BIOS 104 TA: Monica Farfan The Biology of Cocaine Addiction Drugs are addictive substances that produce pleasant states such as euphoria or relieve distress. Drugs are classified into categories which include: depressants, stimulants, and hallucinogens. Depending on the type of drug and the way it is used, referring to if it is sniffed, swallowed, injected, or smoked depends the effect the addiction of that drug has on the body. Scientists such as Koob and Le Moal argue that drug addiction is caused by the dysregulation of the reward mechanism and subsequent allostasis which is the ability to achieve stability through change (Cami and Farre, 2003)....   [tags: Drug addiction, Cocaine, Addiction, Nicotine]

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The Biology Of Human Brains

- Biology of human brains provides substantial justification for the use of SEL in high school. One argument for implementing SEL in preschools and elementary schools is that children’s brains are developing most at this age. This is in fact true, the brain has already reached 95% of its full capacity by the time an individual reaches six-years of age. However, it is important too to consider that there are several key sections of the brain that actually develop most drastically in adolescences and later teenage years....   [tags: School, High school, Brain, Education]

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The Biology Of Drug Addiction

- ... Even a change this small in one’s genetic sequence can have a large effect on the phenotype of the individual. According to Goldstein, mutations in genes can lead to “abnormalities in the reward pathway, causing a functional deficit in the feelings that are normally associated with pleasure and satisfaction” (Goldstein 2001). These mutations could lead to a defective or even missing protein in the pleasure pathway or abnormal regulation of hormones and neurotransmitters (Goldstein 2001). When a mutation occurs in a person’s protein reward pathway, he or she will become more susceptible to finding alternate sources of pleasure to make up for the natural pleasure their body has trouble pro...   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Dopamine, DNA]

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Understanding The Field Of Biology

- ... The Bacteria kingdom contains the kingdom Eubacteria, while the Archaea kingdom contains the Archaebacteria kingdom. The third kingdom, Eukarya, has four kingdoms, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia. Bacteria’s one kingdom, Eubacteria (which means “true bacteria”), contains all organisms that we call bacteria (single celled creatures with no nucleus or membrane-bound organelles). The Archaea domains one kingdom, Archaebacteria, is made up of single celled organisms that do not have peptidoglycan in their cell walls (a substance present in bacteria cells’ cell walls)....   [tags: Bacteria, Archaea, Eukaryote, Species]

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Aristotle's Influences on Biology

- Science has taken huge steps to get to where it is today. Throughout the ages biology has developed from focusing on medicine and natural history, to great scientific advantages such as the theory of evolution, classifying living organisms and decoding every strand of DNA in the human body. Biology is the study of life, and all living organisms. The first known biologists were Hippocrates of Kas and Galen of Pergamum, who helped with the understanding of anatomy and physiology. Philosophy is the study of a basis of a particular branch of knowledge or experience....   [tags: mathematics, academy, physics]

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What is Molecular Biology?

- MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION Molecular biology is to characterize the structure, function and relationships between two types of macromolecules, DNA and proteins. This relatively limited definition will suffice to allow us to establish a date for the so-called "molecular revolution", or at least to establish a chronology of its most fundamental developments (Walker, 2009) .At the heart of this definition is the idea of the gene, this concept dates back to the decade of the 1860's....   [tags: macromolecules, DNA, proteins]

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Overview of Molecular Biology

- In 1970 Francis Crick published a paper in the science journal Nature on the central dogma of molecular biology, presenting the normal flow of genetic information, as shown in Figure 1 (Crick, 1970). Although many discoveries have been made since then, the main idea still stands: every organism uses its own DNA sequence to synthesize its proteins (Crick, 1970). In order to function properly, the genome has to be kept unblemished, any damage can potentially affect a protein’s structure, interfering with its function (Brown, 2010)....   [tags: dna mutation, gene abnormalities]

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Biology: Cell Division Cycle

- Change is constant throughout all living things and that is particularly true when it comes to biology and in particular cell-division cycle. All organisms are constantly dividing and growing throughout their life time. The cell-division cycle in eukaryotes is a complex process that involves cyclins, cdks and multiple checkpoints that eventually lead to cell division. There are two different types of cell division which are Meiosis and Mitosis. Meiosis is the type of cell division which involves gametes or sex cells that are involved in sexual reproduction....   [tags: mitosis, tumor, chromosomes]

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Biology: Mutations and Transformation

- Mutations Jacob Knight Part One – Observation: What made me interested in this field of biology. Mutations are fascinating beyond belief as they are the keystones in the transformations of life. It is these slight changes that have caused the genetic diversity we see in today’s world. At the beginning of the semester I read a review of the book “Life at the Speed of Light” by Craig Venter. The review referred to a part in the book where Venter discussed the importance of genomic mutations and their role in the efficacy of life....   [tags: living organisms, artificial mutations]

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The Biology of Cancer

- The Biology of Cancer In this report I will discuss the biology of cancer, including the explanations of what is cancer, what causes it and how it can be prevented. In addition, I will briefly discuss the different ways it is treated. What is cancer. Cancer develops when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all start due to the abnormal cells growing out of control. Normal body cells grow, divide and die in an orderly fashion....   [tags: Papers]

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Cellular Biology

- My research topic is the controversy behind stem cellular biology. This topic is a very modern topic and it has garnered quite the negative persona by the masses. This negative connotation behind stem cellular biology is the reason I chose this topic. Rather than just following the herd and claiming stem cell is a dangerous science I would rather attempt to fully understand the science and form my own beliefs on this controversial topic. The research process has proven to be quite the learning experience in choosing reliable sources....   [tags: biasses, science, embryotic]

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Biology of a Squid

- Biology of a Squid Squids are among the most varied and unique of all invertebrates. They are mollusks of the Class Cephalopod, along with the nautilus, cuttlefish, and octopus. Squids are highly evolved, and have developed a number of traits uncommon to most other mollusks. Fossil records of cephalopods have dated back the Cambrian Period (about 600 million years ago). Structurally, squids have only small variations of a basic theme common to all cephalopods. They are spherical or cigar-shaped with two fins used to stabilize movement when swimming....   [tags: Papers]

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The Analysis of Spinach Pigmentation During Photosynthesis (biology Lab Report)

- The Analysis of Spinach Pigmentation<p> During Photosynthesis <p> University of Alabama<p> I. Introduction:<p> "Photosynthesis is the conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is stored in glucose or other organic compounds; it occurs in plants, algae, and certain prokaryotes" (Campbell, G-16). The formula below is photosynthesis and "the ingredients necessary to make a plant grow" (KoK, 30).<p> 6CO_2 + 6H_2_0,,³ C_6_H_12_O_6_ + 6CO_2<p> Photosynthesis occurs within chloroplasts which are in leaf cells....   [tags: Biology]

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Synthetic Biology And The Engineering Of Living Systems

- Synthetic biology and the engineering of living systems are the new branch of biology and engineering combined. These two subjects combine many disciplines such as biotechnology, molecular biology, systems biology, chemical engineering and computer engineering. Over the past decade, many engineers have become interested in ‘doing biology’.1 However, people still believe that we do not yet know enough biology to make synthetic biology a predictable engineering discipline.1 Therefore, this new branch requires more time in order to be understandable....   [tags: Engineering, Chemistry, Human, Time]

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Career: Marine Biology

- Marine Biology is what I would like to study. I want to become a marine biologist because I want to discover new species. I want to go to the 70% of the ocean that has not been discovered. Marine biologists also get to go travel to different places. They not only get to seethings underwater which not many people get to see, but they also get to see places on land which not many people get to see. Marine biologists are also interesting to me because they get to swim for most of their work day. I love the water and swimming....   [tags: Job Description, Benefits]

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Statement of Purpose for a Cancer Biology Application

- ... My studies provided me with a fertile ground upon which I based the development of my interest in the mechanism of cancer growth and development. Moreover, tumor metastasis and its related development factors, such as those that lead to the metastasis from one organ to another, has further fueled my interest in taking a further study in the field. I believe that as a requirement to further specialization in cancer biology, both as a practitioner and a lecturer in the future, I have to acquire a full comprehension of the mechanism of metastasis of tumors, angiogenesis, and the factors that helps to regulate this process....   [tags: veterinary, animal hospital, masters]

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Biology Cannot Be Reduced to Chemistry and Physics

- Since the introduction of reductionism, science has greatly changed. Reductionism has captured the attention of many scientists, as well as philosophers of science for the reason that it seeks to accomplish such a large goal. However, we are posed with the question of whether or not reductionism is capable of sufficing enough information for all scientific inquiry. I will argue that biology is not capable of effectively being reduced to physics and or chemistry mainly because it cannot provide the sufficient quantities of information needed, mainly due to issues caused by incommensurability due to varying scientific meanings (which will be discussed with reference to Kuhn and Feyerabend) as...   [tags: scientific terminology, reductionism]

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Biology: DNA Forensics

- DNA forensics is a division of forensic science that focuses on the use of genetic material in criminal investigation to answer questions pertaining to legal situations, including criminal and civil cases. Through DNA testing, law enforcement officers are able to identify human remains or the individual responsible for a crime. DNA testing is a highly advanced scientific process that involves replicating the human DNA sequence to create a genetic map of an individual. Because of its reliability, DNA testing has become a significant factor in criminal cases....   [tags: genetic material, criminal investigation]

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Biology: What's Bioprinting?

- Today, if you ever needed a new lung, heart, liver, or any organ at all, you’d have to wait…..a long time. Fortunately, a new process in the field of Tissue Engineering called Bioprinting aims to fix that. Bioprinting is exactly what it sounds like – printing out biological materials from a printer. Of course, the actual process is much more complicated than just hitting print on a computer and waiting for an organ to pop out like a piece of paper. It starts with a modified inkjet printer and ink that consists of stem cells as well as many other different types of cells....   [tags: medicine, tissue engeneering]

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Human Development Shaped by Biology and Experience

- HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SHAPED BY BIOLOGY AND EXPERIENCE The first core concept suggested by From Neurons to Neighborhoods depicts human development forming from the interplay of an individual’s biology and experience. Early scientists in this particular field created testable hypotheses to understand the dynamic interaction between the nature-nurture phenomenon. For example, some scientists such as Arnold Gesell considered emerging skills to be the product of an individual’s genetic make-up, while others, such as John B....   [tags: nature, nurture, behaviorism, Vygotsky, mentor]

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Nature vs. Nurture: The Biology of Sexuality

- Biology is a science and the questions are if women and men are predetermined by this science and if it has an impact on people's behaviours. This questions are difficult to argue about because we do not have the right answer and everyone has a subjective point of view. It appears mostly as a philosophical debate. The science itself researches concrete facts trying to understand the reflection on knowledge and conscientiousness in achievements of sciences. First of all, we have to make the difference between sex and gender....   [tags: Nature vs. Nurture Essays]

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Conservation Biology in Yellowstone National Park

- ... This habitat is home to nearly 60 species of mammals including bison, bears, elk, deer, pronghorn, mountain lions, and wolves. These mammals and many others, along with the parks flora, create the ecosystem that is enjoyed every year by visitors from all over the world. However, due to many political pressures and misconceptions, the ecosystem has been modified due to human impacts. Starting in 1914, the U.S. Congress appropriated funds to be used for the purposes of destroying wolves on public lands in an effort to protect the current elk populations (Frank, 2008)....   [tags: gray, wolf, park, populations, decline]

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Biology: Biome and DNA Identification Process

- DNA forensics is a division of forensic science that focuses on the use of genetic material in criminal investigation to answer questions pertaining to legal situations, including criminal and civil cases. Through DNA testing, law enforcement officers are able to identify human remains or the individual responsible for a crime. DNA testing is a highly advanced scientific process that involves replicating the human DNA sequence to create a genetic map of an individual. Because of its reliability, DNA testing has become a significant factor in criminal cases....   [tags: biological diversity, forensics, dna testing]

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Biology Summative: Telomeres, Telomerase, and Cancer

- ... As a result, better cancer treatment would revolutionize society by saving thousands of lives every year. Furthermore, governments and institutions around the word spend billions of dollars on research cancer; better cancer treatment as a result of research in cancer and telomeres would save the world a lot of money in the future. Lastly, the future applications of this research will lead to advancement in medical technologies. Thus, the links between telomeres and cancer and the discoveries being made on them is changing the world through current and future applications that have implications for cancer treatment, society, the economy, and technology....   [tags: cancer cells, dna replication]

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Chemistry of Biology

- Chemistry of Biology There are many parts to every living thing. These basic parts have specialized jobs, which give shape and function of everything in the universe. The basic building block for all mass is the atom. There are many different parts to the atom. The electron is a negatively charged particle that revolves around the nucleus in electron shells. The electron is one of the smallest particles that make up the atom. The counterpart to the electron is the proton. This is a larger positive charged particle....   [tags: Papers]

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Biology of Mangroves

- Biology of Mangroves One of the most unique and least understood environments found in nature is that of the mangrove. This ecosystem is found at the junction between land and sea. Author, Loren Eiseley (1971) wrote vividly about his encounter with a mangrove forest in the book The Night Country: A world like that is not really natural. Parts of it are neither land nor sea and so everything is moving from one element to anotherÖNothing stays put where it began because everything is constantly climbing in, or climbing out, of its unstable environment....   [tags: Research Essays Term Papers]

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Introduction to Biology

- Introduction to Biology A biosphere is anywhere organisms live.1 Thus, any place on our green planet, or microcosms within it, is a biosphere--more importantly it is the only one that we know how to live off. A well known fact is that our biosphere is becoming less and less suitable for sustaining our rapidly increasing population. Gross pollution caused by industrialism and technological advances have seriously damaged the part of out planet’s atmosphere made up of O3, most commonly referred to as Ozone....   [tags: Papers]

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Biology Notes regarding Cells and Related topics

- 1. The ability of ice to float because of the expansion of water as it solidifies is an important factor in the fitness of the environment. If ice sank, then eventually all ponds, lakes, and even oceans would freeze solid, making life as we know it impossible on earth. During the summer, only the upper few inches of the ocean would thaw. Instead, when a deep body of water cools, the floating ice insulates the liquid water below, preventing it from freezing and allowing life to exist under the frozen surface....   [tags: Biology Study Tests]

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History of Biochemistry: Chemistry and Biology Connection to the World Today

- ... Chemistry is a broad science, embracing the concepts of creation of molecules and the manipulation of atoms and dealing with microscopic and macroscopic scales. It covers interactions with plants, animals and humans through agriculture, biology and medicine and with the physical world through electronics, new building materials and new sources of energy. It affects the people of our planet, protecting and preserving our health, ecology, culture and heritage. We have advanced chemistry by advancing battery life and creating better battery etc....   [tags: society, matter, organisms. science,]

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Application Essay for Master of Science in Biology Program (Online)

- I want to earn my Master of Science in Biology from University of Nebraska, Kearney, with an emphasis in either cellular biology and physiology or genetics and molecular biology. As one of the best and one of the few universities to offer an online master’s program in biology, I expect you receive many more requests for entrance than you have positions to offer. This leaves the question, “Why offer this opportunity to me?” If I could be a professional student, I would be. I am always wondering why, how, what if....   [tags: admissions essays]

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Testosterone's Effects on Biology and Behavior

- Testosterone's Effects on Biology and Behavior Introduction The study of the interaction between hormones and behavior is truly a complex one. It would be simple if it were true that hormones directly cause a behavior. We know the relationship between hormones and behaviors is reciprocal. Higher levels of hormones increase the probability of certain behaviors, and certain behaviors increase the probability of change in hormones. The Biosocial Model was developed to encompass the influences and relationships the social environment, biology, and behavior have with one another, and how they interact to influence one another....   [tags: Hormones Sexual Behavior Health Essays]

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The Biology of the Venom of Hapalochlaena Maculosa

- The Biology of the Venom of Hapalochlaena maculosa Hapalochlaena maculosa, commonly known as the blue-ringed octopus, is a golf ball-sized cephalopod inhabiting the waters around Tasmania and southeastern Australia with a highly potent neurotoxin that it uses as a predatory and defensive mechanism. H. maculosa does not actually synthesize its venom, but rather, the neurotoxin (known as maculotoxin) is produced by a bacterial symbiont of the octopus that lives in its salivary glands. While not overly aggressive, H....   [tags: Poisonous Australia Wildlife Essays]

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Adolescence: Defined By Biology or Society?

- Adolescence begins in biology and ends in society. The definitions we accept to describe the onset of adolescence revolve around puberty, biological changes of the body. Therefore I consider adolescence to begin in biology. Adolescence ends in society. Entrance into adulthood marks the end of adolescence. The definitions of who is considered an adult are defined by society and therefore I contest that adolescence ends in society. The onset of adolescence is marked by a sudden increase in the production of many hormones in the body....   [tags: Adolescent Behavior]

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The Biology and Diversity of Extant Reptiles

- The Biology and Diversity of Extant Reptiles The word reptile itself does not describe a monophyletic group of vertebrates, like the mammals or birds. It is used to classify a polyphyletic group of animals that are a subset of the larger group of Amniotes. The term is best described through a cladogram: [IMAGE] The reptiles first appeared in the early Carboniferous, having evolved from labyrinthodont amphibians. They had several distinct advantages over the amphibians that allowed them to flourish during the cold, dry Permian period....   [tags: Papers]

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The Different Roles of Macromolecules in Biology

- The Different Roles of Macromolecules in Biology There are four types of macromolecules that I am going to describe: Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acid. I will also describe the functions and why they are important in our bodies. Proteins ======== Proteins are polymers of amino acids that are joined head-to-tail in a long chain that is then folded into a three-dimensional structure unique to each type of protein. The covalent linkage between two adjacent amino acids in a protein (or polypeptide) chain is called a peptide bond....   [tags: Papers]

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Biology

- Lab Report 1 Principles of Biology 1(BIOL 100) Fall 2001 Gerard Chretien Living cells perform a multitude of chemical reactions very rapidly because of the participation of enzymes. Enzymes are biological catalysts, compounds that speed up a chemical reaction without being used up or altered in the reaction. The material with which the catalysts reacts, called the substrate, is modified during the reaction to form a new product....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Biology

- Biology 1. The virus is made up of five parts and is in the size range of 10 nm-300 nm in diameter. The first is the coat made up of protein that protects the virus to a point. Next is the head that contains the genetic material for the virus. The genetic material for a virus is DNA. The two other parts are the tail sheath and the tail fibers that are used for odd jobs. I believe that a virus is not considered to be a living creature due to the fact it is a parasitic reproducer. To me it is just like ripping up a piece of paper because it is still the same thing and it isn't carrying out any other function besides reproduction....   [tags: essays research papers]

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