The Characteristics of Anorexia Nervosa
Individuals with anorexia nervosa are so successful at losing weight that they put their lives in a great deal of danger. Although dramatic weight loss is the most noticeable feature of the disease, anorexics also have an intense fear of obesity and pursue thinness with unparallelled ambition (Bruch, 1986). Anorexia is most common among females, with only about five percent of those suffering from the disease being male. It is also most likely to develop in young females as a result of societal pressures on women to remain slim. The DSM-4 criteria for anorexia nervosa contains the following factors : maintenance of a body weight which is less than 85% of that expected for normal weighing individuals, intense fear of becoming overweight, disturbance or distortion of how one views their own body weight or shape, and the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual specifies two types of anorexia : restricting type and binge-eating-purging type. The restricting type refers to those who do not regularly binge eat or purge, while the binge-eating-purging type refers to those who regularly engage in binge eating and purging behavior during an episode of anorexia. Anorexia nervosa is very difficult to treat due to the misconceptions in the minds of the afflicted individuals. While psychosocial treatments have been proven to be helpful, very little evidence exists to suggest that pharmacological treatment could be effective.
The Effects of Antipsychotic Medication on the Treatment of Anorexia
The first attempts to use medicine in the treatment of anorexia nervosa were per...
... middle of paper ...
Halmi, K. A., Eckert, E. D., & LaDu T. J. (1986). Anorexia nervosa: treatment efficacy of cyproheptadine and amitriptyline. Arch of General Psychiatry,43, 177-181.
Lacey, J. H., & Crisp, A. H. (1980). Hunder, food intake and weight: the imact of clomipramine on a refeeding anorexia nervosa population. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 56, 79-85.
Vandereycken, W. (1984). Neuroleptics in the short term treatment of anorexia nervosa: a double blind placebo controlled study with sulpiride. Bristish Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 288-292.
Vandereycken, W., & Pierloot R. (1982). Pimozide combined with behavior therapy in the short term treatment of anorexia nervosa. Acto Psychiatry Scandinavia, 66, 445-450.
Vigersky, R. A., & Loriaux, D. L. (1977). The effect of cyproheptadine in anorexia nervosa: a double blind trial, in Anorexia Nervosa. New York, Raven.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Anorexia nervosa and bulimia are eating disorders that severely affect both men and women around the world. The cause of the eating disorder usually derives from psychological, biological and social forces. Eating disorders have become an epidemic in American society, twenty-four million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U.S. (National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders.\, 2011). There are many ways to address and treat an eating disorder.... [tags: Promising treatments for anorexia and bulimia]
2297 words (6.6 pages)
- Anorexia Nervosa Purpose: The purpose of this speech is to inform my audience about the eating disorder anorexia nervosa. Thesis: In order to be able to get a clear understanding of what anorexia nervosa is, it is important to learn what characterizes it, what effects it has on a person, and how the disorder can be treated. Organizational Pattern: Topical I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: I want you to imagine your worst fear. Now, think of it intensified to the point where you constantly think about it and you are faced with something that provokes this fear at least three times a day.... [tags: Anorexia nervosa, Nutrition]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- ... Anorexic people are in constant fear that they are gaining weight and that they are fat. Although anorexia can occur in all genders and age, it occurs mostly in teenagers and young adults. Side effects of anorexia include extreme weight loss, thin appearance, abnormal blood counts, dizziness and/or fainting, brittle nails, and many more (Wilfahrt 37). Anorexia nervosa has a nasty effect on your body and can put you in the hospital or worse; it can be fatal. What are we supposed to do to treat anorexia.... [tags: Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders]
1290 words (3.7 pages)
- ... Anorexia Nervosa is one of the many eating disorders that appear frequently in the United States and that can also have serious physical, emotional and psychological damages on a person. Anorexia Nervosa is normally seen in adolescence but can be developed among people of all ages. It is a disease that is often caught by warning signs and in worst cases, leads to an unpleasant death. Anorexia Nervosa is common in America, and needs to be put to a stop as soon as possible. As noted earlier, there are many contributing factors to why people take dieting to extremes and begin to develop Anorexia Nervosa.... [tags: Anorexia nervosa, Eating disorders]
1598 words (4.6 pages)
- ... This slowing down can have serious medical consequences: slow heart rate, low blood pressure, reduction of bone density, muscle loss and weakness, severe dehydration which can lead to kidney failure, fainting, fatigue, overall weakness, dry hair and skin, hair loss. About AN 90%-95% of AN sufferers are girls and women Between .5-1% of American women suffer from AN AN is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women Between 5-20% of individuals struggling with AN will die AN has one of the highest death rates of any mental health condition Treatment (1) Focuses on 3 primary issues: restoring weight, modifying distorted eating behavior and addressing the psychological and fa... [tags: Bulimia nervosa, Eating disorders]
1047 words (3 pages)
- Effects of anorexia are mostly seen on the outside of the victim’s body, but do not be fooled. This detrimental eating disorder affects one’s mind just as much as it would the body. What Anorexia does to the mind is that it distorts the way one views their body. Victims of anorexia become fixated on their body image and overly critical about their flaws and weight. Even being obviously underweight, Anorexics will continuously deny that they have a problem and continue with their fatal practices.... [tags: Physical Effects, Psychological Effects]
1695 words (4.8 pages)
- “It’s only human to wish you looked different or could fix something about yourself. But when a preoccupation with being thin takes over your eating habits, thoughts, and life, it’s a sign of an eating disorder. When you have anorexia, the desire to lose weight becomes more important than anything else. You may even lose the ability to see yourself as you truly are” according to Helpguide.org. Because body image is so important to young male and female, they turn to anorexia. To fully understand anorexia we have to dig deeper to learn more about it.... [tags: Anorexia nervosa, Nutrition]
1584 words (4.5 pages)
- Anorexia is a complex eating disorder that leads to loss of weight and serious health problems. The loss of weight is more than the ideal weight and health of a person. The health problems caused due to the disorder can be even life-threatening. The term Anorexia means “loss of appetite”. The disorder is characterized by excessive loss of weight (15% less than the actual ideal body weight) and self-starvation. The disorder affects men and women of all ages and is predominant in women. Persons with anorexia fear extremely about weight gain, see themselves as fat even when they are under-weight, do excessive dieting and exercising.... [tags: anorexia, eating disorder, weight loss]
1360 words (3.9 pages)
- Why does food become a deadly enemy for some people. Well, society continues to send the message to young women and even to a small number young men (more and more men are becoming victims of eating disorders these days) that to be happy and successful one must be thin, which causes them to starv and/or binge and purge themselves in an attempt to gain what the media considers an ideal figure. The media is full of "toothpick" thin models, in which women desire to be like. Women often need to be in the feel of being in control, it is an ongoing battle they encounter with perfection.... [tags: Eating Disorders, Anorexia, Bulimia Nervosa]
1270 words (3.6 pages)
- Thesis Statement: Anorexia Nervosa effects a person both physically and mentally. Anorexia represents one percent of most prevalent eating disorder diseases. The word anorexia itself means, “ lack of appetite”. Anorexia is an all-encompassing pursuit of thinness. The person effected by Anorexia has an absolute fear of becoming obese (Matthew 4). Approximately one percent of adolescent girls develops Anorexia Nervosa, a dangerous condition in which they can literally starve themselves to death. People who starve intentionally starve themselves suffer from an eating disorder.... [tags: Eating Disorders]
1077 words (3.1 pages)