Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa Essay

Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa Essay

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Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder in which someone loses more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height. There are two forms of anorexia nervosa. The first form is the restricting type of anorexia, where weight loss is achieved by restricting calories. This may be done by intense diets, extensive exercise, and fasting (Smith Melinda and Segal Jeanne). In the purging form of anorexia, weight lost is achieved by purging or consuming laxatives and diuretics (Smith Melinda and Segal Jeanne). There are numerous symptoms associated with this disorder. Physical symptoms may include extreme weight loss, thin appearance, fatigue, dizziness, insomnia, brittle nails, thin hair, absence of menstrual cycle in women, dry skin, intolerance of cold, irregular hear beat, low blood pressure, constipation, dehydration, and swelling of the arms and legs (Rosewood). Behavioral symptoms may include refusal to eat, excessive exercise, lack of emotion, irritability, reduced interest in sex, denial of hunger, and preoccupation with food (Rosewood). There is no one cause of anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa can be brought on by a combination of social, emotional, biological, and cultural factors (Smith Melinda and Segal Jeanne). Other risk factors like family environment, emotional difficulties, traumatic experiences, and low self esteem may contribute to anorexia nervosa (Smith Melinda and Segal Jeanne). Anorexia nervosa is a very serious and dangerous condition, but there are ways to fight and treat it. Since anorexia nervosa involves the mind and body, a team approach treatment is often best (Smith Melinda and Segal Jeanne). Those involved in anorexia treatment include medical doctors, psychologists, counselors, and dieticians (S...

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...l with disease, as well as the general public. It affects the individual by showing that only one type of person can have that disease. It also affects the public by showing only one side or case of anorexia nervosa. The media affects public’s perception of what an anorexic person looks and is like. The ethical principle that relates to this condition is Nonmaleficence. Nonmaleficence means to prevent needless harm or injury to the patient. This principle relates because this discrimination from the media may harm the patient by making them feel worse about their situation. All in all, anorexia nervosa is a very serious and dangerous disease. This disease can lead to very serious and life threating consequences. It not only affects the individual, but the individual’s family and friends. Fortunately, this disease can be treated and managed with the right support.

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