Essay on The Dewey Decimal Classification: Western and Non-Western Cultures

Essay on The Dewey Decimal Classification: Western and Non-Western Cultures

Length: 1557 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction DDC: From West to East
This paper is examining how the Dewey Decimal Classification System (DDC) has been adapted and translated in both Western and non-Western Nations and the problems that have arisen during this process. In this paper we will first examine what the DDC is which includes looking into its history specifically into how Mr. Custer helped the DDC become an international classification system. Next we will focus on the problems that arise during the process of adapting and translating the DDC from one culture to another. Before the conclusion there will be a literature review that looks into how Western and non-Western nations adapt to the DDC.
The Dewey Decimal Classification System is an organization system used to organize information materials in libraries so that those materials are easier to find. In this world of computers and internet it is normally very easy to get information at just the push of a button. That was not always the case. For in a time before computers a person had to go through a physical object like a book or atlas to find the information that they were looking for. This can be a problem when a person is looking for a specific piece of information that is located in only a small number of books in a library of thousands. The DDC was created to solve this problem by allowing a person to look up a subject which will then lead them to the materials that will contain the information that they are looking for.
Mitchell and Vizine-Goetz (2009) mention that the basic design of the DDC has the information organized into 10 primary classes and those classes are separated into 10 divisions which are themselves separated into 10 individual sections. This organization of classes can be...

... middle of paper ...

...of Library and Information Sciences, Third Edition (pp. 1507–1517). Taylor & Francis. Retrieved from

New, G. R. (1998). Custer and the Modernization of Dewey. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 25(2-3), 133–149. doi:10.1300/J104v25n02_10

Olson, H. A. (2001). Sameness and difference: a cultural foundation of classification. Library Resources & Technical Services, 45(3), 115–122.

Satija, M. P. ., (2013). Briefs on the 19th (1979) to the 23rd Edition (2011) of Dewey Decimal Classification. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 33(4), 277–288.

Sulistyo-Basuki, L., & Mulyani, A. S. (2008). Indonesian Librarians’ Efforts to Adapt and Revise the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC)’s Notation 297 on Islam. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 13(2), 89–101.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Dewey Decimal Classification System

- Classification has a system within it that organises knowledge. There is a system of symbols known as notation and this represents the classes in a classification system. The notation is expressed in Arabic numerals in the case of the Dewey Decimal System. It does not matter what words are used to describe subjects the notation will give a unique meaning of the class and say its association to other classes. The notation has the ability to identify the class within which the subject belongs and related classes....   [tags: Dewey Decimal System]

Free Essays
518 words (1.5 pages)

Pawing at the Dewey Decimal System Essay

- Pawing at the “Dewey” Decimal System Dewey the library cat is probably one of the most noteworthy cats that has ever been heard of. Dewey is an orange little tabby cat that the writer (Vicki Myron) found in the rain on her way to work, and brought Dewey with her to the library. From that instant Dewey the library cat grew up in a library lying on every book that he has seen. His name came from the Dewey Decimal System. He has unintentionally inspired thousands of people by being himself. He has Myron and the rest of the library staff play with him, feed him, and take care of him....   [tags: library book classification method]

Powerful Essays
1208 words (3.5 pages)

Eastern Cultures : Healing Powers : The Western Cultures ' Greatest Asset

- The Eastern Cultures’ Healing Powers: The Western Cultures’ Greatest Asset Quick Fix culture and the Attitude Adjustment Culture The Western Culture focuses on two methods of healing: chemically engineered compounds and surgical procedures. For instance, in the United States, individuals have the option of antidepressants with or without the aid of cognitive therapy(Selhub 2007) Most individuals choose the quick approach due to its alluring quick fix scheme. These contrasts different from the Eastern Culture’s main focus: the power of the mind and the energy from within: mind, body, and soul....   [tags: Culture, Western world, Western culture, Soul]

Powerful Essays
1605 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on History of the Dewey Decimal Classification System

- A History of the Dewey Decimal System The history of the Dewey Decimal Classification System (DDC) hearkens back to the very beginning of the modern library movement in the nineteenth century. The classification scheme’s progenitor was a man named Melvil Dewey who was born to a poor family in upstate New York in 1851. 1 His full name was Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey, but he was a man who supported language/spelling reform and had his named shortened to just Melvil Dewey. He even tried to have his family name further shortened to Dui....   [tags: Library Librarian DDC Organization]

Powerful Essays
1347 words (3.8 pages)

Western Culture And Indian Culture Essay

- ... Western culture is best known as being individualistic because of its emphasis on personal achievement an individual’s maintain unique identities. In Western culture there is a value placed on individualism. Mikael Stenmark understand Western culture as one that is beneficial for individuals because “We can express and exercise different choices for ourselves; we can have our religious, lifestyle, ethnic and even sexual and gender preferences. In the pluralistic Western world, identity is now to a large extent chosen” (Stenmark, 2014, p.32)....   [tags: Culture, Western culture, Globalization]

Powerful Essays
1281 words (3.7 pages)

Binge Eating in Non-Western Cultures Essays

- Literature regarding eating disorders in non-Western cultures in general is scarce. Very few studies address disordered eating in cultures outside of the Western and Westernized world. This could be because of the perceived lack of eating disorders in non-industrialized countries or even because there is an overwhelming amount of concern over eating disorders in Western society. However, there have been several studies done on binge eating and dietary restraint in non-western citizens and in non-Caucasian women in the United States....   [tags: binge eating, eating disorders, non-western, cultu]

Powerful Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

Culture And Its Impact On Western Culture Essay

- Culture, a word almost everyone hears whenever there is sociological discussion that transcends various formats ranging from scholarly articles to local news station broadcasts. Culture contains a myriad of definitions depending on the perspective and lenses which are used to view it. Since it is a difficult concept to grasp at first, we do not realize the true scale of culture and its responsibility in dictating many actions within our daily lives. Different cultures are found all throughout the world, from the ever increasing western culture to smaller tribal cultures such as the wintu in California (“Vanishing Voices”)....   [tags: Western culture, Culture, Western world, India]

Powerful Essays
1875 words (5.4 pages)

The Western Civilization And Western Civilizations Essay

- ... Most of the countries where the Western culture is prevalent have citizens who are origins of Europe. The Western civilization took many years to be what it is currently, which means that many civilizations were involved in the whole phenomenon. The history of the Western civilization can be divided into the modern era, the Medieval West and the Classical West, all of which represent various periods through which the attributes of Western civilization came to be (Perry, 2013). Western civilizations, just like other civilizations, has a distinct lineage in which each period produced specific attributes that characterized the civilization....   [tags: Western culture, Culture, Christianity]

Powerful Essays
1390 words (4 pages)

Influence Of Ancient Greece And Rome On Western Culture Essays

- ... While Roman power ebbed and flowed over a number of centuries and for a variety of reasons, it is still considered one of the greatest civilizations in history (, 2015). Its political power comes from an early patriarchal monarchy for 7 generations which then grew into res publica (‘the public thing’) which was headed by 2 elected officials or consuls. Consuls came from aristocratic families and exerted the same power as a king, but only for a term of one year. In the case of a conflict of interest between the consuls, a senate would arbitrate; and in cases of great emergency a dictator would be named for no longer than 6 months at a given time....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Western culture, Western world]

Powerful Essays
1832 words (5.2 pages)

Indian Culture Vs Western Cultures Essay

- A couple of years ago, I had invited my best friend Jenene, to attend an Indian wedding. I thought it might be fun for her to experience the different foods, clothing, personalities, and religious beliefs that were particular to my culture. Later on that evening she had pulled me to the side and told me that the culture that she was raised in was completely different from mine. She was raised in New York all of her life and she had never experienced such a distinct culture. At that time I told her that she did not know half the story....   [tags: World Culture]

Powerful Essays
1570 words (4.5 pages)